Directly Proportional

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Directly proportional means two variables that increase or decrease at the same time. If two variables are proportional if a change in one variable is accompanied by a change in another variable. We can also say that if two quantities are said to be in proportional then one quantity is a constant multiple of other quantity.  Two quantities a and b are said to be directly proportional, if the relationship can be written as a = k b where k is a proportionality constant.

Problem 1: The term A is directly proportional to x. And when A is 12, x is 4. Find the value of A when x is 10.

Solution: Since A is directly proportional to x.

=> This can be written as A = k x, where k is proportionality constant.

=> Given When A is12, x is 4

=> Find out constant from the known values A = k x

=> 12 = k * 4

=> By dividing 4 on both sides, we get k = 3

=> When x is 10 then A = k x = 3 * 10 = 30

=> Therefore, when x is 10 the value of A is 30.
 

Problem 2: A term Y is directly proportional to the square of x. And when Y is 24, x is 2. Find the value of Y when x is 5.
Solution: Given Y is directly proportional to x^2.

=> So, Y = k x^2

=> Substitute the given values (Y= 24, x = 2)

=> Y = k x^2

=> 24 = k* 2^2

=> 24 = k * 4

=> Dividing by 4 on both sides we get k = 6

=> When x = 5 then Y = k x^2 = 6 * 5^2 = 6 * 25 = 150

=> Therefore, when x is 5 then the value of y is 150.


 

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